Membrane water wall panel is an important part of boiler heating surface. It is made of some parallel tubes and placed on furnace inner wall to absorb radiant heat from combustion chamber.
Water in liquid form flowing inside water wall tubes is heated and turns into saturated steam and rises up into steam drum, and water inside steam drum goes to mum drum/bottom header through downcomer. This forms natural circulation of heat transfer medium.
Evaporation of water cools down temperature to provide a protection for furnace wall. And lower wall temperature means less slag formation. Large capacity boiler has very high flame temperature, about 40-50% of radiant heat or more is absorbed by water wall panel, which is major heating surface for water evaporation for water tube boiler.
Top side of water wall panel is connected to steam drum directly or through header, while downside is connected to mud drum/bottom header. That’s why water wall panel is also named riser.
Water wall could be classified into bare tube type, studded tube type, ribbed tube type or membrane water wall by structure, and single side heated panel (embedded in furnace wall) or double side heated panel (placed in middle of combustion chamber) by location.
Bare tube water wall is composed by a row of parallel seamless tubes. It has the simplest structure.
Studded tube water wall is welded with studded tube and covered with refractory materials. It could build refractory belt around coal burner to suppress ignition delay and enhance combustion stability for low volatile anthracite and lean coal. Or, it is used in wet bottom boiler or cyclone boiler.
Ribbed tube water wall is used for once-through boiler, subcritical & supercritical boiler, high thermal load area or high evaporation ratio area of natural circulation boiler. When water flows inside ribbed tube, it creates strong turbulence to prevent film boiling, which would cause heat transfer deterioration.
Membrane water wall panel is a series of tubes welded together with flat steel bars. For medium & high & untra-high pressure boiler, steel material 20G is a common choice to fabricate membrane wall.
Geckokintech provides OEM service for boiler parts like steam drum header, superheater, economizer, air preheater, water wall panel, etc. We can fabricate according to drawing.
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